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Question types

Question types


The questions from the Test and StudentQuiz activities are stored in a question bank. They are available throughout the course room.


The following question types are available by default:

  • Multiple-Choice: The Multiple Choice question type allows you to create single-answer and multiple-answer questions, include images, sound, or other media in the question and/or answer options (by inserting HTML), and weight individual answers.
  • True/False: In response to a question (which may include a picture), students choose from two options: True or False.
  • Matching - A list of sub-questions is provided along with a list of answers. Students must "match" each question with the correct answer.
  • Short Answer - In response to a question (which may include a picture), students enter a word or phrase. There may be several possible correct answers with different scores. The answers can be sensitive or insensitive to upper/lower case.
  • Numerical - Numerical question look very similar to Short Answer questions. Students enter their answer in a small field that only accepts numerical values. Teachers can define an optional acceptance error that allows a certaion range of answers that are considered correct.
  • All-or-nothing multiple choice - If the question is solved completely correctly, i.e. all correct answer options are checked, the full score is awarded. If not all correct answer options or even wrong ones are checked, 0 points are awarded. Thus, either the full number of points or 0 points will be awarded. If the question is solved completely correctly, i.e. if all correct answer options are checked, the full number of points is awarded. If not all correct answer options or even wrong ones are checked, 0 points are awarded. Thus, either the full score or 0 points are always awarded.
  • Ordering - In this type, the answers are arranged randomly and the participants have to order the terms or word groups correctly. To do this, participants simply drag and drop the field to the appropriate location. More information on the Ordering question type.
  • Calculated - Calculated questions offer the possibility to create individual numerical questions by using placeholders, which will be replaced by single values when the quiz is performed.
  • Calculated multiple choice - Calculated multiple-choice questions are like multiple-choice questions, with the additional property that the items to be chosen can include formula results from numerical values randomly selected from a set when the quiz is taken. They use the same wildcards as calculated questions, and their wildcards can be shared with other calculated multiple-choice or regular questions of the Calculated question type. The main difference is that the formula is included in the answer choice as {=...}, i.e. {={l}*{w}} for calculating the surface area of a rectangle.
  • Drag and drop onto image - Students make their selections by dragging text, images, or both into predefined boxes on a background image. Elements can be grouped together.
  • Drag and drop into text - Students select missing words or phrases and add them to the text by dragging boxes to the correct places. Items can be grouped and used more than once.
  • Drag and drop markers - Students place markers on a selected area on a background image. Unlike the Drag and Drop on Image question type, there are no predefined areas on the underlying image that are visible to the student.
  • Drag and drop matching - In this extension of the matching question, answers can be assigned by drag and drop.
  • Calculated simple - Calculated simple questions provide the ability to create custom numeric questions whose answers are results of numeric formulas that contain variable numeric values through the use of wildcards (e.g. {x}, {y}) and are replaced with random values when the quiz is taken. Simple calculated questions provide the most commonly used features of calculated questions with a much simpler user interface.
  • Gapfill - A question type that deals with fill in the blanks. Allows "drag&drop" and "drop down" answer choices with the insertion of incorrect answer choices which serve as a distraction while answering the question. A very easy to learn syntax for creating the question.
  • Regular expression short answer - Similar to the short answer question type, the regular expression short answer question type requires students to answer an open-ended question with one word or a short phrase. Nevertheless, the RegExp system provides a powerful tool for analyzing student responses with the goal of providing direct feedback. More information on the Regular Expression Short Answer question type.
  • Cloze - These very flexible questions consist of a text (in Moodle format) embedded with various answers, including multiple choice, short answer, and numerical.
  • Select missing words - Students select missing words or missing phrases from a drop-down menu. Items can be grouped and used more than once.
  • STACK - a question type specifically for mathematical tasks that uses a computer algebra system to automatically evaluate answers. Also allows students to enter answers as a term, variable, equation, matrix or quantity. More information on the question type STACK.
  • Mark the words - All words can be marked by clicking on them. Solution words are bracketed by delimiters, e.g. The cat [meows].
  • MTF (Multiple True False) question type: For each answer option offered, a decision must be made whether it is true/applicable or false/not applicable. Scoring can be done in "all or nothing" mode (referred to as "MTF 1/0") or in "partial points" mode as staggered scoring. A fixed number of points is awarded for each applicable selection. A selection that is not made is automatically evaluated as an incorrect selection and accordingly receives no points. A disproportionately increasing number of points per correct selection is not possible. More information on the question type Multiple True False.


The MTF question type should be used for preliminary examinations, as it allows MC questions that are not objectionable in terms of examination law.


last changed on 11/29/2023

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